Nomex-The Core Of Driver Suits

By David G. Firestone

Editor’s note: I had a Wheel Reviews prepared for this week, but after Bill Simpson’s passing, I felt like I should repost this as a tribute.

I must have said the word Nomex a thousand times on this blog, but what exactly is Nomex? In short, it is a flame-resistant meta-aramid cloth material. It is an aramid material, which is the same thing as Kevlar, but it is not as strong as a bulletproof vest, but it has great thermal, as well as chemical resistance, which makes it great for racing firesuits.

The development of the Nomex firesuit has been a long road. This road has seen its share of driver deaths and injuries. Before the Coca Cola 600, I discussed the deaths of Fireball Roberts, Eddie Sachs, and Dave McDonald in fire-related crashes over the course of 6 days in 1964. What took place from there would cross the paths of racing and a young drag racer.

Bill Simpson was born in Hermosa Beach, California in 1940. He took up drag racing at a young age, and at age 18, broke both arms in a drag racing crash. As he recuperated, he thought of safety in racing for the first time. He developed the idea of an X shaped parachute, and using materials from his uncle’s army surplus shop, developed a functional drag racing parachute. Don Garlits noticed the new parachutes, and took an interest, which helped the Simpson Drag Chute company to form. As time went on, he started making other racing equipment, which caught the attention of drivers, and, oddly enough, NASA. During a project, he met Pete Conrad, who introduced the now 27 year old Simpson to Nomex in 1967.

Nomex was created in 1967, for NASA. Far from the uses it has today, its main use at the time was for the Apollo Command Module parachutes. NASA needed a material that could stand up to the heat of reentering the earth’s atmosphere, and still remain fully functional. Simpson saw what the material could do, and decided it would work well to make driver suits, and other uniform items.

Contrary to what most people think, Nomex is not fire PROOF, rather it is fire RETARDENT. It does burn, but burns at a much slower rate, and that protects the driver in the event of a fire. Bill Simpson decided to show how much better this material was by having a “burn off.” He put on one of his Simpson racing suits, doused himself in gasoline, and lit himself on fire. Though he was fully engulfed in flames, he was not hurt. Though he admits that is was a bad idea, it sold drivers on Nomex. Even today, 46 years later, Nomex is still the go-to material for driver suits.

Nomex is used for many other things. Nomex sheet is used in power cords for insulation. Fire-fighters use Nomex for protection in saving lives. Fighter pilots wear Nomex suits in case of cockpit fires. Nomex was developed for NASA and NASA still uses a lot of Nomex. It is used in what NASA refers to as the “Thermal Micrometeoroid Garment of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit”, or in regular English, the “outer layer of a spacesuit.” The spacesuits that space shuttle astronauts wore on liftoff and touchdown were primarily made of Nomex. Almost every project that NASA has done in the last 40 years involves Nomex in one form or another, so it is a very versatile material.

Interestingly, as safety concerns increased, and safety equipment changes for the better, you begin to see that Nomex is beginning to have competition in the driver suit market in terms of fire protection. While I’m typically a traditionalist when it comes to sports uniforms, for driver suits that is a great thing. Developing a new material that serves the same purpose as Nomex, but can do it better and longer is a great thing. Eventually, Nomex will go the way of typewriters, film cameras, the printing press, and the floppy disk as an invention that is obsolete but changed the world.

Next week, Wheel Reviews returns.

2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard Part 4-The Grand Finale

By David G. Firestone

Thanksgiving has passed, holiday music and decorations are abound, and the 2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard is here! Here’s how the process works. I will rank all of the Cup Series teams by their paint scheme GPA. I will rank them by manufacturer, then all of them in one final list. There is no committee this year, as Zoe chose to skip the proceedings. Here is the Chevy list:

1-JTG Daugherty Racing #47 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 26th of 47

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 4.00

2-Tommy Baldwin Racing #71 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 1

GPA: 4.00

3–XCI Racing #81 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 1

GPA: 4.00

4-Hendrick Motorsports #24 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 15th of 47

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.87

5Motorsports Business Management #66 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 3rd of 47

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.82

6-Team Penske #12 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 4th of 47

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.78

7-Spire Motorsports #77 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 21

GPA: 3.70

8-Gaunt Brothers Racing #96 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 34th of 47

Number of Schemes: 3

GPA: 3.67

9-Team Penske #2 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 23rd of 47

Number of Schemes: 11

GPA: 3.63

10–Wood Brothers Racing #21 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 8th of 47

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.60

11-Joe Gibbs Racing #18 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 4th of 47

Number of Schemes: 11

GPA: 3.52

12-Go FAS Racing #32 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 4th of 18

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.50

13-Stewart-Haas Racing #14 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 16th of 47

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.49

14-Premium Motorsports #15 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 22nd of 47

Number of Schemes: 17

GPA: 3.43

15-Stewart-Hass Racing #41 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 3rd of 47

Number of Schemes: 16

GPA: 3.42

16-Richard Petty Motorsports #43 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 11th of 47

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.41

17-Premium Motorsports #27 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 8

GPA: 3.39

18-Stewart-Haas Racing #4 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 7th of 47

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.36

19–Motorsports Business Management #46 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 3.35

20-Richard Childress Racing #8 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 44th of 47

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.34

21-Joe Gibbs Racing #20 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year:17th of 47

Number of Schemes: 12

GPA: 3.33

22-Joe Gibbs Racing #19 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 37th of 47

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 3.28

23-Hendrick Motorsports #9 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 30th of 47

Number of Schemes:16

GPA:3.18

24-Hendrick Motorsports #88 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 32nd of 47

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.18

25-Stewart-Haas Racing #10 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 24th of 47

Number of Schemes: 13

GPA: 3.18

26-Front Row Racing #34 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 1st of 47

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.12

27-StarCom Racing #00 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 42nd of 47

Number of Schemes: 31

GPA: 3.10

28-Chip Ganassi Racing #42 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 40th of 47

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.10

29-Rick Ware Racing #53 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 7

GPA: 3.10

30-Richard Childress Racing #3 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 19th of 47

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.09

31-Joe Gibbs Racing #11 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 11th of 47

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 3.03

32-Hendrick Motorsports #48 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 9th of 47

Number of Schemes: 4

GPA: 3.00

33-Leavine Family Racing #95 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 39th of 47

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.00

34-Front Row Racing #36 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 16

GPA: 2.85

35-Chip Ganassi Racing #1 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 10th of 47

Number of Schemes: 9

GPA: 2.82

36-Rick Ware Racing #52 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 2nd of 47

Number of Schemes: 25

GPA: 2.75

37-Chip Ganassi Racing #40 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 3

GPA: 2.67

38-Roush-Fenway Racing #6 Ford Mustang

Ford Mustang Rank Last Year: 12th of 18

Number of Schemes: 20

GPA: 2.66

39-Rick Ware Racing #51 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 9th of 47

Number of Schemes: 12

GPA: 2.59

40-Richard Childress Racing #31 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 31st of 47

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 2.50

41-JTG Daugherty Racing #37 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 31st of 47

Number of Schemes: 23

GPA: 2.46

42-Germain Racing #13 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 24th of

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 2.45

43-Rick Ware Racing #54 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 5

GPA: 2.50

44-Team Penske #22 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 18th of 47

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 2.16

45–Front Row Racing #38 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 14th of 47

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 2.08

46-Beard Motorsports #62 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 1st of 47

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 2.00

47–Roush-Fenway Racing #17 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 33rd of 47

Number of Schemes: 13

GPA: 1.95

Well, that was the 2019 year for The Driver Suit Blog. I’ve had fun, and I hope to see you again soon. Next week, Wheel Reviews returns for 2020!

Throwback Thursday-1997 Bobby Hamilton #51 Southern Pride Trucking Chevrolet C1500

1997 Bobby Hamilton #51 Southern Pride Trucking Chevrolet C1500

When he was hired as a stunt driver for Days of Thunder, Nashville, Tennessee’s Bobby Hamilton grabbed the opportunity, and proved competitive at the 1989 Autoworks 500 at Phoenix International Raceway. This impressed quite a few people, and eventually, Hamilton would get signed to a full-time racing deal. He made the most of that deal, winning 4 races in the Cup Series, 1 race in the Xfinity Series, and 10 races in the Truck Series. In 1997, Hamilton race two races in the Truck Series, finishing 5th at Topeka, and 6th at Martinsville. That season he raced a Chevy C-1500 sponsored by Southern Pride Trucking for his own team. The car has a great look, with a great color scheme, and that will always earn an A.

2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard Part 3-Toyota

By David G. Firestone

The 2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard rolls on, this week, it’s the Toyota teams time to shine!

1-XCI Racing #81 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 1

GPA: 4.00

2-Motorsports Business Management #66 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 3rd of 9

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.82

3-Gaunt Brothers Racing #96 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 6th of 9

Number of Schemes: 3

GPA: 3.67

4-Joe Gibbs Racing #18 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 4th of 9

Number of Schemes: 11

GPA: 3.52

5-Motorsports Business Management #46 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 3.35

6-Joe Gibbs Racing #20 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 2nd of 9

Number of Schemes: 12

GPA: 3.33

7-Joe Gibbs Racing #19 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 7th of 9

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 3.28

8-Joe Gibbs Racing #11 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: 8th of 9

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 3.03

9-Leavine Family Racing #95 Toyota Camry

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.00

Next week, the Grand Finale!

Throwback Thursday-1997 Tony Raines #19 Pennzoil Dodge Ram

1997 Tony Raines #19 Pennzoil Dodge Ram

Glasgow, Montana isn’t a place closely associated with auto racing, but it is home to Tony Raines. Tony Raines is just one in a series of drivers who had success in the Truck Series, but couldn’t succeed in the Xfinity or Cup Series. Raines had a win in 1997, and three in 1998, but his attempts in the Xfinity and the Cup series weren’t great. In 1997, he raced for Roehrig Motorsports, and won the Western Auto/Parts America 200 at I-70 Speedway in Odessa, Missouri, driving the #19 Pennzoil Ram. The Pennzoil color scheme is great, but I think the stripes are too much. I get what they were trying to do, but it doesn’t look good. Still, it’s not terrible, so I’ll give it a B+

2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard Part 2-Ford

By David G. Firestone

This week, the Paint Scheme Leaderboard shifts focus to the blue oval. Ford’s rankings are up for this week.

1-Team Penske #12 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 4th of 18

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.78

2-Team Penske #2 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 12th of 18

Number of Schemes: 11

GPA: 3.63

3-Wood Brothers Racing #21 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 7th of 18

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.60

4-Go FAS Racing #32 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 4th of 18

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.50

5-Stewart-Haas Racing #14 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 10th of 18

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.49

6-Stewart-Hass Racing #41 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 2nd of 18

Number of Schemes: 16

GPA: 3.42

7-Stewart-Haas Racing #4 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 6th of 18

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.36

8-Stewart-Haas Racing #10 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 13th of 18

Number of Schemes: 13

GPA: 3.18

9-Front Row Racing #34 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 1st of 18

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.12

10–Rick Ware Racing #53 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 7

GPA: 3.10

11-Front Row Racing #36 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 16

GPA: 2.85

12-Rick Ware Racing #52 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 5th of 18

Number of Schemes: 25

GPA: 2.75

13-Roush-Fenway Racing #6 Ford Mustang

Ford Mustang Rank Last Year: 8th of 18

Number of Schemes: 20

GPA: 2.66

14-Rick Ware Racing #51 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 14th of 18

Number of Schemes: 12

GPA: 2.59

15-Rick Ware Racing #54 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 5

GPA: 2.50

16-Team Penske #22 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 18th of 18

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 2.16

17-Front Row Racing #38 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 9th of 18

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 2.08

18-Roush-Fenway Racing #17 Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 13th of 18

Number of Schemes: 13

GPA: 1.95

Next week, the Toyota Leaderboard

Throwback Thursday-1996 Jack Sprague #24 Quaker State Chevrolet C1500

1996 Jack Sprague #24 Quaker State Chevrolet C1500

With 28 wins and three championships in the Truck Series, Spring Lake, Michigan’s Jack Sprague is tied for third on the all-time win list with Mike Skinner. Sprague’s best years came while driving for Rick Hendrick, where he won his three championships, in 1997, 1999, and 2001. In 1996, he got his first win at Phoenix, driving the #24 Quaker State C-1500. I’m not a fan of the older, lighter green that Quaker State was using around this time. It doesn’t translate well to the side of a race car or truck. The design scheme is good, but the color is off. I’ll give it a C+

2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard Part 1-Chevy

By David G. Firestone

Thanksgiving has passed, holiday music and decorations are abound, and the 2019 Paint Scheme Leaderboard is here! Here’s how the process works. I will rank all of the Cup Series teams by their paint scheme GPA. I will rank them by manufacturer, then all of them in one final list. There is no committee this year, as Zoe chose to skip the proceedings. Here is the Chevy list:

1-JTG Daugherty Racing #47 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 26th of 26

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 4.00

2-Tommy Baldwin Racing #71 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 1

GPA: 4.00

3-Hendrick Motorsports #24 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 7th

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.87

4-Spire Motorsports #77 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year:N/A

Number of Schemes: 21

GPA: 3.70

5-Premium Motorsports #15 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 10th

Number of Schemes: 17

GPA: 3.43

6-Richard Petty Motorsports #43 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 11th

Number of Schemes: 14

GPA: 3.41

7-Premium Motorsports #27 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 8

GPA: 3.39

8-Richard Childress Racing #8 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 25th of 26

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.34

9-Hendrick Motorsports #9 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 15th of 26

Number of Schemes:16

GPA:3.18

10-Hendrick Motorsports #88 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 17th of 26

Number of Schemes: 15

GPA: 3.18

11-StarCom Racing #00 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 23rd of 26

Number of Schemes: 31

GPA: 3.10

12-Chip Ganassi Racing #42 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 22nd of 26

Number of Schemes: 10

GPA: 3.10

13-Rick Ware Racing #53 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 7

GPA: 3.10

14-Richard Childress Racing #3 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 9th of 26

Number of Schemes: 18

GPA: 3.09

15-Hendrick Motorsports #48 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 3rd of 26

Number of Schemes: 4

GPA: 3.00

16-Chip Ganassi Racing #1 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 4th of 26

Number of Schemes: 9

GPA: 2.82

17-Rick Ware Racing #52 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 2nd of 26

Number of Schemes: 25

GPA: 2.75

18-Chip Ganassi Racing #40 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 3

GPA: 2.67

19-Rick Ware Racing #51 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: 9th of 26

Number of Schemes: 12

GPA: 2.59

20-Richard Childress Racing #31 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 16th of 26

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 2.50

21-JTG Daugherty Racing #37 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 11th of 26

Number of Schemes: 23

GPA: 2.46

22-Germain Racing #13 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 24th of 26

Number of Schemes: 6

GPA: 2.45

23-Rick Ware Racing #54 Chevy Camaro/Ford Mustang

Rank Last Year: N/A

Number of Schemes: 5

GPA: 2.50

24-Beard Motorsports #62 Chevy Camaro

Rank Last Year: 1st of 26

Number of Schemes: 2

GPA: 2.00

Next week, the Ford Leaderboard.

Throwback Thursday-1996 Rusty Wallace #22 Miller Ford F-150

1996 Rusty Wallace #22 Miller Ford F-150

Considered one of the greatest drivers never to win a Daytona 500, Arnold, Missouri’s Rusty Wallace has 55 wins in the Cup Series, and the 1989 Championship. He also raced in IROC, winning 4 races, and the 1991 IROC Championship. While he has many stars in many different series, he only has one start in the Truck Series, the 1996 DeVilbiss Superfinish 200 at Nazareth Speedway, driving the #22 Miller Beer F-150. The Miller Beer scheme was universal to all of Miller’s sponsored teams in 1996. Miller was moving away from Miller Genuine Draft, and by 1997 would switch to Miller Lite. It’s not a bad scheme, but the red and blue designs were never really explained, and are visually distracting. They take an A scheme down to a B+

The Final Paint Scheme Grades Of 2019-November 29, 2019

By David G. Firestone

Landon Cassill #00 International Marine Chevy Camaro-This is an ugly, over designed mess that doesn’t look good at all. This gets an F.

Daniel Hemric #8 myblu Chevy Camaro-I love the shade of blue, it works well with the black, and the car has a good design. This looks good, and earns an A.

Ryan Blaney #12 Menard’s/Richmond Ford Mustang-Same scheme as #21, same A grade.

Joe Nemechek #15 RoyalTeakCollection.com Chevy Camaro-It’s a smooth look, with a great color scheme, and that earns an A.

Kyle Busch #18 Skittles Toyota Camry-Same scheme as last year, same A grade.

Joey Logano #22 AAA Southern California Ford Mustang-Same scheme as last year, same D grade.

Joey Logano #22 AAA Insurance Ford Mustang-Same scheme as last year, same D grade.

Reed Sorenson #27 Chevy Camaro-A smooth look, with a great color scheme will always earn an A.

Ross Chastain #27 Xchange of America Chevy Camaro-Same scheme as #15, same A grade.

Corey LaJoie #32 CorvetteParts.net/Skooza.com Ford Mustang-I like the flamingo motif here. It’s bold and unique. I also like the overall design. This gets an A.

Chris Buescher #37 Honey Nut Cheerios Chevy Camaro-Love the color scheme, hate the design scheme. Red and yellow is a great color scheme, but this is an ugly, over designed mess. I’ll give this a C.

Chris Buescher #37 Louisiana Hot Sauce Chevy Camaro-You can’t go wrong with black with flames. This is a great look, and it earns an A.

Chris Buescher #37 Clorox Chevy Camaro-This is a bold look, it has a great color scheme, and it isn’t over designed. I give this an A.

David Ragan #38 Thank You David Ford Mustang-I miss the old Front Row template. This is why I miss it. The color scheme is great, and the car looks great, so this gets an A.

Daniel Suarez #41 Coca Cola Ford Mustang-Coca Cola has a great shade of red.  The car isn’t over designed, and it looks great.  A

Kyle Larson #42 Clover Chevy Camaro-The red numbers don’t look good, and clash with the color scheme. They take an A scheme down to a B.

Bayley Currey #52 Mtel-One Ford Mustang-The orange doesn’t really add or subtract from the scheme, so I’ll give this a B.

Josh Bilicki #53 Token 4 Token Chevy Camaro-I like this scheme. I like the brick motif, and the color works well for it. I give this an A.

Garrett Smithley #54 AQRE.app Ford Mustang-Same scheme as #51, same A grade.

Timmy Hill #66 GENEREX Generator Toyota Camry-It is a tad over designed, but it isn’t horrible. The color scheme works well, and the car looks good. I’ll give it a B-

Reed Sorenson #77 Rousseau Chevy Camaro-I like the look. The red looks good, as do the white and blue. The car isn’t over designed, and I’ll give this an A.

Garrett Smithley #77 Chevy Camaro-I like this look, and the color scheme works, so this gets an A.

Alex Bowman #88 Axalta Chevy Camaro-Same scheme as last year, same F grade.

Matt DiBenedetto #95 Procore Safety Qualified Toyota CamryCamo does NOT work on race cars! Add in the fact that this scheme is pointlessly over designed, and you have an F scheme.